Carefully chosen summaries to energize leadership, teaching, and learning

All-Faculty Discussion

Below are 25 article summaries that lend themselves to being discussed by a full faculty, live or online, at the elementary, middle, and high-school level. Here’s a suggested procedure for a 30-40-minute discussion:

• The leadership team decides on an article that addresses an issue of importance to the whole school.

• After a brief introduction of the purpose, the topic, and the protocol, everyone is given a hard (or soft) copy of the article summary.

• The faculty is divided into groups of 3 or 4 (or sent to breakout rooms of that size), grouped with colleagues with whom they don’t usually interact.

• Everyone reads the article summary silently, highlighting ideas and quotes that seem important.

[Why not ask people to read the summary before the meeting? Because inevitably, half of the group won’t have time to do so, and it’s important that everyone has the ideas top of mind for the discussion. Most Memo summaries can be read quite quickly.]

• After 5-10 minutes, each group discusses the article, going around to hear everyone's big takeaways, agreements, disagreements, and favorite quotes (groups might choose a facilitator who makes sure everyone participates).

• The faculty comes back together for a whole-group discussion addressing implications for the school.

• The leadership team follows up appropriately.

Below are summaries that lend themselves to all-faculty discussion, organized by this website's groupings and topics. If there are articles that you think should be added to the list, please e-mail Kim Marshall at [email protected]


Emotional Intelligence

    Managing Feelings, Values, and Expectations


Interviews and Hiring

    Fixed and Growth Mindsets in Teacher Candidates


Planning Units and Lessons

    A California High School Crafts Schoolwide Essential Questions

Positive Discipline

    Predicting and Preventing Classroom Problems

    When Educators Act in Ways That Increase Student Misbehavior

    Teacher-Student Mediation in Action

Assessment for Learning

    A Teacher Realizes What He Wasn’t Doing

    Crafting Good “Hinge” Questions

   Time-honored but suboptimal check for understanding

Grading Practices

    Misconceptions Get in the Way of Better Grading

    Pointed Questions About Grades

    Preventing Cheating by Shaping Classroom Motivational Climate


Expert Teaching

    Getting Every Student Thinking and Working

    The Elements of Effective Feedback

    Getting Students to Do the Heavy Lifting

    Teaching Blind People to Use Canes and What It Can Teach Others

Making Learning Stick

    Not Overloading Working Memory

    Understanding Two Very Different Kinds of Memory

    How Remembering Improves Remembering

    Using Pretests to Improve Achievement

    What Did You Learn in School Today?


    Five Principles of Good Writing


Social-Emotional Development

    What Parents and Teachers Can Do to Teach Self-Regulation

Fostering friendships among students

  The Academic Power of Student Friendships

Partnering with Families

    A Theory About Homework

There are more all-faculty articles in the Memo archive at To see this list, log in (type Best in the e-mail box and MarshallMemo in the password box), check the second box at the beginning of the Topics list, and click Search.