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Beliefs About Intelligence and Ability

  • Intelligence, innate ability, effective effort
  • Intelligence: Stereotype threat
  • Assessment: IQ tests
  • Mindset: Fixed versus Growth
  • Teaching: Expectations of students
  • Learning styles, multiple intelligences
  • Gifted, accelerated programs
  • Social-emotional: Grit, determination
  • Social-emotional: Self-efficacy, confidence
  • Safety nets: Preventing student failure
  • Achievement gaps: Gender, SES, and skills
  • Race and equity: Achievement gap
  • Race and equity: Implicit, unconscious bias