THE BEST OF THE MARSHALL MEMO

How to energize leadership, teaching, and learning in 22 key areas

Differentiation and Personalization:

Selected Memo Summaries

One of the biggest challenges facing teachers is meeting the needs of students with a wide range of skills, knowledge, and attitudes about learning. This selection of Marshall Memo summaries examines the ways i which differentiation, individualization, personalization, and mastery learning – low-tech or high-tech – can be helpful. 

Questions to consider:
  • What is the problem to which differentiation is the solution?
  • Can teachers differentiate successfully without burning out?
  • How can teachers cater to students’ individual needs while also building self-reliance?

Here's the table of contents:

Differentiation and Personalization


Why Differentiate and Personalize?

  1. I wish my teacher knew
  2. Framing differentiation in terms of intentions and outcomes
  3. Three myths about personalization
  4. What is personalized learning, and does it work?
  5. Ten questions about personalization

Differentiation by Pushing for Mastery

  1. Benjamin Bloom's mastery learning
  2. Combining flipped classrooms with mastery learning
  3. A middle school uses on-the-spot assessments to differentiate

Low-Tech Differentiation

  1. Using Universal Design for Learning to personalize instruction
  2. Differentiating math with open questions and parallel tasks
  3. Personalizing homework

High-Tech Differentiation

  1. Silent fifteen-minute online dialogues among students
  2. Enhancing literature circles with blogging
  3. Facebook pages engage students in world languages
  4. Using Twitter in a science classroom
  5. Frontchannel and backchannel digital discussions

Professional Learning Suggestions