THE BEST OF THE MARSHALL MEMO

How to energize leadership, teaching, and learning in 22 key areas

Race and the Education of American Students:

Selected Memo Summaries

Now more than ever, the issue of racial justice is front and center in schools and communities. This selection of Marshall Memo summaries explores implicit bias and microaggressions, how educators can have honest and helpful conversations about race, challenges that are unique to children of color, stereotype threat, and cultural proficiency. 

Questions to consider:
  • Why does academic achievement differ across racial and economic groups?
  • Which classroom practices widen achievement gaps, and which narrow them?
  • Can white teachers be effective with African-American and Latinx students?

Here's the table of contents:

Race and the Education of American Students


Implicit Bias and Microaggressions

  1. Coming to grips with implicit bias
  2. Unconscious bias in secondary-school science classrooms
  3. Getting past "walking on eggshells" with race and gender
  4. Examining our own biases reading young adult literature

Discussing the Undiscussable

  1. The daily effects of "white privilege"
  2. Orchestrating productive discussions about race
  3. Using vignettes to address hidden professional issues
  4. Strategies for addressing insensitive comments

Challenges for Children of Color

  1. Unconscious racial bias in school discipline
  2. Working with the "cool pose culture"
  3. "Reality pedagogy" to engage black male students
  4. What works and what doesn't educating male students of color

Stereotype Threat

  1. Addressing stereotype threat
  2. "Wise schooling" of African-American students

Cultural Proficiency

  1. Cultural proficiency 101
  2. What's really involved with culturally responsive teaching?
  3. Strategies for boosting the achievement of African-American students
  4. Four steps to cultural competence
  5. A white teacher's suggestions for doing right by students of color

Professional Learning Suggestions