THE BEST OF THE MARSHALL MEMO

How to energize leadership, teaching, and learning in 22 key areas

Assessment for Learning:

Selected Memo Summaries

On-the-spot assessments, done well, can double student learning. That’s because students’ errors and misconceptions are addressed in real time, and teachers get insights that continuously improve instruction. This selection of Marshall Memo summaries examines research and practical wisdom on formative assessments, low-tech and high-tech approaches, and the importance of follow-up with students. 

Questions to consider:
  • What is the problem to which formative assessments are the solution?
  • How can we get more teachers checking for understanding as they teach?
  • What kinds of assessments are most productive and why?

Here's the table of contents:

Assessment for Learning


Improving on Traditional Assessments

  1. How classroom assessments can change the game
  2. Common problems with classroom assessments
  3. Why a college professor stopped lecturing

Effective Checking for Understanding

  1. Nine ways to use assessments
  2. A teacher realizes what he wasn't doing
  3. Crafting good "hinge" questions

Low-Tech and High-Tech Tools

  1. Simple assessments that involve all students
  2. What clickers can do for teaching and learning

Following Up with Students

  1. Using assessments to improve teaching and learning
  2. Using formative assessments well
  3. Putting on-the-spot assessment data to work in math classes

Professional Learning Suggestions